"The men go off and fight the wars and fly the airplanes and come back and help design and build and test them. The fact that women are not in this field is a fact of our social order."
"The women underwent the identical tests that the male candidates had undergone. In the end, 68% of the women passed with ‘no medical reservations’ compared to 56% of the men. The 13 females who passed were known as the Mercury 13. They were Bernice ‘Bea’ Steadman, Janey Hart, Geraldine ‘Jerri’ Sloan Truhill, Rhea Allison Woltman, Sarah Lee Gorelick Ratley, Jan Dietrich, Marion Dietrich, Myrtle Cagle, Irene Leverton, Gene Nora Jessen, Jean Hixson, Wally Funk and Geraldyn ‘Jerrie’ Cobb…
Cobb had tested in the top 2% of all tested candidates, male and female.”
wait. do you mean to tell me that this dunderhead
was in Pompeii when these two idiots
and dont even get me started on this ass hole
Oh and I nearly forgot this one
WHAT THE HELL IS WRONG WITH POMPEIIi think that they just made such a big paradox that Pompeii just exploded
DO YOU KNOW ABOUT BLACK TULSA? IF NOT… WHY NOT?
This horrific incident has been well documented, everywhere: from YouTube videos of survivor interviews to PBS Lesson Plans for school teachers. Please do your Google diligence:
- From May 30 to June 1, 1921, white citizens of Tulsa bombed burned and shot up the “Little Africa” section of Tulsa FOR 18 HOURS STRAIGHT
- Why would they do that? That same old lame excuse, a Black man supposedly did something to a white woman. But the real reason was ECONOMIC JEALOUSY. Whites may have called it Little Africa derisively, but there is a reason that Black Tulsa is known as Black Wall Street
- In addition to the 300 Blacks killed, and over 1,000 residential homes burned to the ground, also destroyed were:
- The Mt. Zion Baptist Church and five other churches; the Gurley Hotel, Red Wing Hotel, and Midway Hotel; the Tulsa Star and Oklahoma Sun newspaper offices; Dunbar Elementary School; Osborne Monroe’s Roller-Skating Rink; the East End Feed Store; the Y.M.C.A. Cleaners; the Dreamland Theater; a drug store, barbershop, banquet hall, several grocery stores, dentists, lawyers, doctors, and realtors offices; a U.S. Post Office Substation, as well the all-black Frissell Memorial Hospital. All told, marauding gangs of savage whites destroyed 40-square-blocks of Black economic and entrepreneurial prosperity!
64 years after the first bombing of an American city was committed against the Black residents of Tulsa… the second bombing of an American city took place in Philadelphia when the city bombed the black members of the MOVE organization. (see the blackourstory archive for details).
Isn’t it a shame that 76 after the bombing of Tulsa, when Timothy McVeigh blew up the Murrah Federal Office Building in Oklahoma City, most historically illiterate Americans - including American “journalists” - responded as if it were the first time such a horror had been visited on Oklahoma. If only we knew.
While there are many lessons to be drawn from this, a few questions that stick out to me are these:
- If the answer to Black second-class treatment from whites in America is supposedly to become the ultimate American capitalists…the ‘model minorities’… how do you explain Tulsa 1921?
- For those Black folk who think that the sole answer to Black people’s problems is simply more Blacks becoming business owners and more Blacks spending money with other Blacks… how did that work out for our people in Tulsa in ‘21?
- Considering not only Tulsa, but Rosewood, Florida, and many other thriving all-Black towns that you may know of that all met the same fate at the hands of murderous, envious, lazy crackers… WHEN ARE WE GOING TO ACKNOWLEDGE AND TAKE SERIOUSLY THE IDEA THAT BLACK WEALTH (ESPECIALLY ALL-BLACK WEALTH) WILL NEED TO BE PROTECTED WITH PHYSICAL FORCE?
There is a reason that Marcus Garvey AND Elijah Muhammad had armies of trained Black men as a huge part of their organizations. Many of us Black folk took those great men as jokes, yet NO BLACK LEADERS SINCE THOSE TWO have reached the same heights of economic and ideological success and unity of Black people.
Not only do we need to LEARN THIS HISTORY, we need to start taking these events men and movements MORE SERIOUSLY, and doing some CRITICAL HISTORICAL ANALYSIS if we are ever to stop being on the bottom rung of every metric in American life. Not just some casual or accidental reading of history; some CRITICAL. HISTORICAL. ANALYSIS.
TULSA 1921 was real. PHILLY 1985 was real. Will it happen again?
Red lipstick in advertisements in the March 1, 1942 issue of Vogue Magazine.
As the United States and other Allied powers tried to prevent the spread of the totalitarian regimes of Italy, Germany, and Japan, they assembled the largest fighting force in history. The urgency of the war, along with changing conceptions of women’s roles in society, meant that the U.S. military enlisted the help of thousands of women. In fact, about 350,000 women served in thee armed forces, while 19 million women held jobs at home supporting the war effort (Collins 374). When women shipped off, they took cosmetics with them into battle. Lipstick was one of the ways these women defined themselves; to them it signaled femininity and strength.
The U.S. government endorsed lipstick for other reasons. Along with cosmetic companies, the government nationalized women’s bodies and militarized their sexuality, creating a new proper usage of lipstick by associating it with war effort. Women took the encouragement to wear lipstick as an opportunity to participate in war support and boost morale, as well as to explore personal expression of the once taboo topic of the female body. The necessities of war clashed with traditional gender roles, and as women took on greater responsibilities, they had to satisfy seeming impossible demands. Women were to be feminine, but not too sensual, and able to do a man’s job when needed, but not become masculine in the meantime. Ladies navigated this treacherous terrain by using a widely accessible vehicle: the simple, everyday item of lipstick.
[Detail from Tussy lipstick ad:]
New brave lipstick color by Tussy
Like warming your lips with rosy-red courage! Tussy Fighting Red—new as today—is brave in color. And on your lips it glows like Liberty’s torch, it wins! Perfect make-up partner for your spring costume colors of navy, aqua, air-force blue, rose, and beige … adds dash to your defense uniforms. This spring wear the new Tussy Fighting Red and be brave—for him!
[Illustration detail from Tussy lipstick ad.]
[Detail from DuBarry lipstick ad:]
WHEREVER THERE’S A JOB to be done, you’ll find her. The American beauty has rolled up her sleeves and gone to work. And what’s more—she’s kept her spirit and her perspective.
SHE HASN’T FORGOTTEN the job of being a woman too! She knows that “beauty is your duty" … that little things like a radiant smile, a dash of color, and a fresh, well-groomed look can add up to a very important thing called morale.
AND SO DU BARRY SALUTES the new American beauty with a spirited cosmetic color—Emblem Red. A bright, brave red … clear as a bugle call. In lipstick, to add sparkle to her smile. In rouge, to play up that vital clear-skinned glow. A perfect foil for muted “military” blues and olives … lovely, too, with Easter Parade navy, grey, and beige. On duty—or off—the new American beauty looks her best!
Note: Look at the rhetoric used in the ads. Words such as “courage” and “brave” are used to describe appearances, colors are described in military terms (“navy,” “air-force blue,” “beige,” “‘military’ blues”), and patriotic imagery is used (“Liberty’s torch,” “American beauty”). The lipsticks are named “Emblem Red” and “Fighting Red.” The war is never explicitly mentioned, but there’s no doubt what effort the American beauty should be working towards.
The Tussy ad shows a woman in a dress dancing with a man in uniform and emphasizes how the lipstick will make her look brave “for him”. Conversely, the DuBarry ad shows a woman in uniform and speaks of her “duty” to both work and beauty.
Both ads frame woman’s appearance as a responsibility — to retain her femininity and maintain male soldiers’ morale.